Iowa Bred Laws

99D.22 Native horses and dogs.

1. A licensee shall hold at least one race on each racing day limited to Iowa-foaled horses or Iowa-whelped dogs as defined by the department of agriculture and land stewardship using standards consistent with this section. However, if sufficient competition cannot be had among that class of horses or dogs on any day, another race for the day may be substituted. A sum equal to twelve percent of the purse won by an Iowa-foaled horse or Iowa-whelped dog shall be used to promote the horse and dog breeding industries. The twelve percent shall be withheld by the licensee from the breakage and shall be paid at the end of the race meeting to the state department of agriculture and land stewardship which in turn shall deposit it in a special fund to be known as the Iowa horse and dog breeders fund and pay it by December 31 of each calendar year to the breeder of the winning Iowa-foaled horse or Iowa-whelped dog. For the purposes of this section, the breeder of a thoroughbred horse shall be considered to be the owner of the brood mare at the time the foal is dropped. The breeder of a quarter horse or standardbred horse shall be considered to be the owner of the mare at the time of breeding.

2. For the purposes of this chapter, the following shall be considered in determining if a horse is an Iowa-foaled thoroughbred horse, quarter horse, or standardbred horse:
A. All thoroughbred horses, quarter horses, or standardbred horses foaled in Iowa prior to January 1, 1985, which are registered by the jockey club, American quarter horse association, or United States trotting association as Iowa foaled shall be considered to be Iowa foaled.

B. After January 1, 1985, eligibility for brood mare residence shall be achieved by meeting at least one of the following rules:

(1) Thirty days residency until the foal is inspected, if in foal to a registered IA Stallion.

(2) Thirty days residency until the foal is inspected for brood mares which are bred back to registered IA Stallion.

(3) Continuous residency from December 31 until the foal is inspected if the mare was bred by other than an IA registered stallion and is not bred back to an IA registered stallion.

C. To be eligible for registration as an IA thoroughbred, quarter horse, or standardbred stallion, the following requirements shall be met:

(1) Stallion residency from January 1 through July 31 of the year of registration, However, horses going to stud for the first year shall be eligible upon registration with residency to continue through July 31.

(2) At least fifty-one percent of an IA registered stallion shall be owned by bona fide IA residents.
D. State residency shall not be required for owners of brood mares.

(3) To facilitate the implementation of this section, the department of agriculture and land stewardship shall do all of the following:

A. Adopt standards to qualify thoroughbred, quarter horse, or standardbred stallions for IA breeding. A stallion shall stand for service in the state at the time of the foal’s conception and shall not stand for service at any place outside the state during the calendar year in which the foal is conceived.

B. Provide for the registration of Iowa-foaled horses and that a horse shall not compete in a race limited to Iowa-foaled horses unless the horse is registered with the department of agriculture and land stewardship. The department may prescribe such forms as necessary to determine the eligibility of a horse.

C. The secretary of agriculture shall appoint investigators to determine the eligibility for registration of Iowa-foaled horses.

D. Adopt a schedule of fees to be charged to breeders of thoroughbreds, quarter horses, or standardbreds to administer this subsection.